Davide Bacchin

Ritratto Davide Bacchin

Neuroscience, Technology, and Society, XXXV series
Grant sponsor


Luciano Gamberini
Alessandro Beghi

Project description
In modern hospitals, one of the main difficulties is the lack of personnel associated with an increasing number of patients. This problem has led to the necessity to find new solutions for the maintenance of a high-quality level of care, including the reinvention of furnishings. The purpose was to transform a series of inanimate objects to their smart form and this process has involved the medical beds. Thanks to the constant advancement of technology over the years, several improvements about design, materials used, ad hoc models for specific populations, ergonomic controls, high mobility and personalization of the position have been proposed. With these implementations, the beds evolved towards their smart form, allowing better personalization of patient care, and, contemporary, an immediate and efficient responses by caregivers.
This project aims to further innovate them, determining the characteristics that an intelligent medical bed should have, nowadays, to be innovative and useful. The research will result in a prototype with new features of design and ergonomics, which will improve characteristics like the usability of the bed system interfaces and the positioning and handling of the patients. A further important goal will be to create a patient monitoring system in which the beds' sensors, connected in a network, record a series of salient signals, behavioural and physiological, in an accurate and precise way. These recordings will be then quickly transmitted to a control room, in which the caregivers can retrieve information about every patients' state of health. This system aims to give a valid contribution to the speed and personalization of the cares.
The first phase of the project, so, will concern a multidisciplinary study of the medical bed characteristics, taking into account solutions originated from design, ergonomics, usability, patient monitoring, sleep quality, and others. Subsequently, this phase will lead to the realization of a prototype that integrates all the features elaborated and that should be adaptable to different environments.
The second phase will, therefore, concern the collection, and the ad hoc elaboration, of specific materials that can validate the created prototype, verify its correct functioning, and understand the effects on the end-users (patients and caregivers). These tools will include self-reported (questionnaires) and psychophysiological measures. In the last phase, it will so be necessary to insert the prototype in a controlled laboratory setup that simulates the different environments in which it will be included to verify, for example, the actual positive contribution and its usefulness perceived by both the categories of end-users. This 360° study of the bed will have a considerable impact on both patients and caregivers. For the former, the innovative elements that will be implemented will improve both the quality of the received care and the comfort of the stay. For the latter, patient monitoring and bed control systems will be designed to ensure less stress and greater safety in the workplace, elements that in turn will affect the quality of care given to patients.